ISSF: State-of-the-Art in SSF Research - Asian Development Bank; Economics of Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Coral Triangle

State-of-the-Art in SSF Research

Asian Development Bank | Asian Development Bank
Details
Author(s) Asian Development Bank,
Journal/book/report/newsletter/conference title Asian Development Bank
Article/chapter/item title (if applicable) Economics of Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Coral Triangle
Year 2014
Publication type Report
Contributor Alicia (ALICIA SALDAÑA MILLÁN)
Contribution date 09/01/2017
Geographic scope
Regional Asia Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste,
Map
Themes/Issues
Economic Employment/Income Generation
Food/Nutrition Security
Globalization / Liberalization / International Trade
Ecological Environmental condition (inc. climate change)
Biology/population
Anthropogenic impacts/threats
Social/Cultural Livelihoods (inc. diversification, dependency, alternatives)
Social relations of production, exchange and consumption
Governance Organizations (government, NGOs, co-ops, private enterprise, etc.)
Characteristics
SSF type(s): Commercial
Aquaculture
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Coastal
Coral reef
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Coastal
Small-scale
Main gear type(s):
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends
Sold in local markets
Sold to outside markets
Governance mode(s) in SSF:
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Seasonal closure
Marine protected areas
Territorial user rights
Additional details
Demographic factors gender, income,
Employment status of fishers full-time, part-time, seasonal,
Employment details It is estimated that when full-time, part-time, and seasonal men and women fishers are included, there may be more than 15 million small-scale fishers in the Coral Triangle region. Assuming that each household has five members, of whom at least one person is engaged in fishing, it is estimated that 75 million people in the region are directly dependent on fisheries for food, income, and livelihood.
Stage(s) of fishery chain addressed harvest, post-harvest,
SSF defined Yes
SSF definition Malaysia.- (i) “Small-scale fisheries are undertaken using small-scale boat, gear, and equipment. (ii) Artisanal fisheries are undertaken mostly for home consumption using selected traditional gear. (iii) Subsistence fisheries are undertaken mainly for home consumption using selected traditional gear.” Indonesia.- 1-day fishing, using traditional fishing gears and/or a motorized boat with a maximum of 5 gross tons (gt), fishing within 12 nautical miles of the coastline, and with the catch mostly for the domestic market. The three major fishing gears used in artisanal fisheries are hooks and lines (39.1%), gill nets (27.8%), and traps (10.9%).
Large-scale Fisheries considered Yes
Research method Surveys, official statistics, Focus group discussions
Overall aim/purpose or research question To consolidate primary and secondary information on fisheries and aquaculture using a regional lens and analytical tools from economics. The EFACT is an output of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) technical assistance—Regional Cooperation on Knowledge Management, Policy, and Institutional Support to the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI).
Solutions offered No
Explicit research implications and/or policy recommendations No
Species
Common species name: Skipjack tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Katsuwonus pelamis
Common species name: Yellowfin tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Thunnus albacares
Common species name: bigeye tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Thunnus obesus
External links