ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Defending fishing space: Conflicts and marginalization of Small-scale Fisheries in the Saint Martin’s Island of Bangladesh

SSF Profile

Defending fishing space: Conflicts and marginalization of Small-scale Fisheries in the Saint Martin’s Island of Bangladesh | 2018 - 2019
Background
Fishery name Defending fishing space: Conflicts and marginalization of Small-scale Fisheries in the Saint Martin’s Island of Bangladesh
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) The fishing practices that take place within 40m of the depth of water are called small-scale fisheries.
Data time frame 2018 - 2019
Contributor Ruyel4007 (MD RUYEL MIAH)
Contribution date 11/30/2019
Geographic Scope
Local Saint Martin's Island ( Narikel Zinzira) Rural, less developed Bangladesh
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Aquaculture
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Coastal
Coral reef
Inter-tidal
Mangrove
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Coastal
Small-boat
Small-scale
Subsistence
Traditional
Main gear type(s): Dredges
Gillnets and entangling nets
Gleaning (collected by hand)
Grappling and wounding (harpoons)
Harvesting machines
Hooks and lines
Lift nets
Seine nets
Main SSF vessel type(s): Other: Local mechanized or semi-mechanized boats
Average length of SSF vessel: 35 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 16 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 15-20 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 250 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 4690 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 60 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: 25 Percent
Total number of households in the location: 1169 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 60 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 55 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: 80 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: 30 Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.)
Small own-business
Tourism-related activities
Wage/hired labour
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 20 Percent
Sold in local markets - 70 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 10 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 31 to 50 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Poorly (fishers are not at all recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Yes
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Self governance
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Gear restriction
Fishing effort restriction
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Ocean grabbing, privatization schemes
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Comments
Species
Organizations
External links
90% Completed
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