ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Lake Manyame Fisheries, Zimbabwe

SSF Profile

Lake Manyame Fisheries, Zimbabwe | 2009
Background
Fishery name Lake Manyame Fisheries, Zimbabwe
SSF Defined? Not explicitly
SSF Definition (if applicable) Fishing practices undertaken by individual households.
Data time frame 2009
Contributor @amandachenai (Amanda Chenai Makombe)
Contribution date 02/12/2019
Geographic Scope
Local Darwendale Unspecified Zimbabwe
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Indigenous
Commercial
Aquaculture
Recreational
Ecosystem type(s): Freshwater
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Lake
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Indigenous
Inland
Inshore
Small-boat
Small-scale
Subsistence
Traditional
Main gear type(s): Falling gear (cast nets)
Gillnets and entangling nets
Gleaning (collected by hand)
Hooks and lines
Lift nets
Poisons and explosives
Seine nets
Surrounding nets
Traps
Trawls
Main SSF vessel type(s): Raft
(Dugout) canoe
Fibreglass
Row boat
Sail boat
Un-decked/open (with or without inboard engine)
Average length of SSF vessel: Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 2000 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 65 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: 15 Percent
Total number of households in the location: Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 75 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: 78 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: 5 Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.) - 48 Percent of women involved (%):
Small trade - 18 Percent of women involved (%):
Tourism-related activities - 24 Percent of women involved (%):
Wage/hired labour - 8 Percent of women involved (%):
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 15 Percent
Sold in local markets - 20 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 65 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 10 to 30 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Poorly (fishers are not at all recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Somewhat
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Community-based management
Property rights held by SS fishers: Individual
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Catch limit
Seasonal closure
Area closure
Fishing effort restriction
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Quota allocation
Territorial user rights
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Comments
Species
Common species name: Hunyani-Salmon     Landings (t): None
Common species name: Tiger fish     Landings (t): None
Common species name: Carpenter     Landings (t): None
Common species name: Bream     Landings (t): None
Organizations
Darwendale Residents Association Type: Other Scope: Local
Ministry of Local Government Type: State/government department Scope: National
Zimparks and Wildlife Type: State/government department Scope: Sub-national
Ministry of Environment Type: State/government department Scope: National
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Type: Other Scope: Global
External links
71% Completed
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