ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Traditional octopus fishery, Southwest Madagascar

SSF Profile

Traditional octopus fishery, Southwest Madagascar | 2019
Fishery name Traditional octopus fishery, Southwest Madagascar
SSF Defined? Not explicitly
SSF Definition (if applicable)
Data time frame 2019
Contributor (David G Parker)
Contribution date 02/12/2019
Geographic Scope
Sub-national Southwest Madagascar Unspecified Madagascar
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Indigenous
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Coral reef
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Main gear type(s): Gleaning (collected by hand)
Grappling and wounding (harpoons)
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe
Outrigger craft
Sail boat
Un-decked/open (with or without inboard engine)
Average length of SSF vessel: 5 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 2 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 320 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 15500 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 90 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 90 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 70 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Marketing/trading
Percent of women in post-harvest: 70 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 70 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Animal/livestock husbandry
Small trade
Small own-business
Tourism-related activities
Wage/hired labour
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 10 Percent
Sold in local markets - 10 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 80 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 10 to 30 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Highly (fishers are well recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? No
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Seasonal closure
Area closure
Gear restriction
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)

Common species name: Day octopus     Scientific/Latin species name: Octopus cyanea    Landings (t): 900
External links
81% Completed
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