ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Coastal fisheries in Nigeria

SSF Profile

Coastal fisheries in Nigeria | 1990 - 2017
Background
Fishery name Coastal fisheries in Nigeria
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) These are fisheries activities that involve less technology, low capital and often carried out by individuals themselves. They are often referred to as artisanal, small-scale or indigenous fisheries.
Data time frame 1990 - 2017
Contributor mirella.deoliveiraleis (Mirella de Oliveira Leis)
Contribution date 01/18/2019
Geographic Scope
Local Nigeria Unspecified Nigeria
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Indigenous
Commercial
Aquaculture
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Brackish
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Coastal
Estuary
Fjord
Lagoon
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Indigenous
Small-boat
Small-scale
Subsistence
Traditional
Main gear type(s): Falling gear (cast nets)
Gillnets and entangling nets
Hooks and lines
Lift nets
Seine nets
Traps
Trawls
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe
Wooden
Fibreglass
Sail boat
Average length of SSF vessel: 5 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 4 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 2 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 426 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 73 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: 27 Percent
Total number of households in the location: 213 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 50 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 5 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: 55 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: 15 Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 1 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.) - 25 Percent of women involved (%):
Animal/livestock husbandry - 20 Percent of women involved (%):
Small trade - 15 Percent of women involved (%):
Small own-business - 20 Percent of women involved (%):
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 3 Percent
Sold in local markets - 90 Percent
Going to non-food uses - 5 Percent
Other: 2 - 2 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 10 to 30 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? No
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Self governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: Individual
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Seasonal closure
Gear restriction
Vessel restriction
Territorial user rights
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Comments
Species
Common species name: Tilapia     Scientific/Latin species name: Cichlidae;Cyprinidae;Bagriidae;Mormyridae;Schilbeidae;Osteoglossidae;Hepsetidae    Landings (t): 35219
Organizations
External links
90% Completed
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