ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Tsitsikamma MPA, Eastern Cape small-scale fisheries

SSF Profile

Tsitsikamma MPA, Eastern Cape small-scale fisheries | 2016
Fishery name Tsitsikamma MPA, Eastern Cape small-scale fisheries
SSF Defined? No
SSF Definition (if applicable)
Data time frame 2016
Contributor Ella (Ella-Kari Muhl)
Contribution date 01/18/2019
Geographic Scope
Local Tsitsikamma ( Koukamma) Rural, less developed South Africa
Tsitsikamma MPA ( Eastern Cape small-scale fishery) Rural, less developed South Africa
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Recreational
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Main gear type(s): Gleaning (collected by hand)
Hooks and lines
Recreational fishing gear
Main SSF vessel type(s): Other: No vessel
Average length of SSF vessel: Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 48 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 223 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 5 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: 3 Percent
Total number of households in the location: 1735 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 1 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Percent of women in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.)
Animal/livestock husbandry
Small trade
Small own-business
Tourism-related activities
Wage/hired labour
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 100 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Somewhat
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: Individual
Access held by SS fishers: Secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Catch limit
Area closure
Gear restriction
Vessel restriction
Fishing effort restriction
Marine protected areas
Quota allocation
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)

Common species name: Elf     Scientific/Latin species name: Pomatomus saltatrix    Landings (t): None
Common species name: Red Roman     Scientific/Latin species name: Chrysoble phus laticeps    Landings (t): None
Common species name: Blacktail     Scientific/Latin species name: Diplodus sargus capensis    Landings (t): None
Common species name: Strepie     Scientific/Latin species name: Sarpa salpa    Landings (t): None
Department of Environmental Affairs Type: State/government department Scope: National
South African National Parks Type: State/government department Scope: National
External links
71% Completed
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