ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Marine Small Scale Fisheries - Liberia

SSF Profile

Marine Small Scale Fisheries - Liberia | 2013
Background
Fishery name Marine Small Scale Fisheries - Liberia
SSF Defined? Not explicitly
SSF Definition (if applicable) NB: Marine small scale fisheries. The country's fisheries Law defines Marine small scale fisheries as following: "Marine small-scale fisheries are comprising both artisanal fisheries and semi-industrial" fisheries.
Data time frame 2013
Contributor aliousall57 (ALIOU SALL)
Contribution date 10/11/2018
Geographic Scope
National Liberia ,
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Coastal
Lake
Mangrove
Open ocean
River
Salt marsh
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Small-scale
Main gear type(s): Gillnets and entangling nets
Hooks and lines
Seine nets
Surrounding nets
Traps
Other: Baskets, longline
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe - 3500 Vessels
Average length of SSF vessel: 6 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 10 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 5 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 270 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 13961 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 74 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: 20000 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 100 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 95 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Percent of women in post-harvest: 60 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 3 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.)
Animal/livestock husbandry
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 7 Percent
Sold in local markets - 90 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 3 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Somewhat
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers:
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Seasonal closure
Area closure
Gear restriction
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Ocean grabbing, privatization schemes
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

1. Wisseh Kay ,Bureau of National Fisheries.Inception workshop of the FCWC FAO TCP project “Strengthening fisheries statistics in West Africa, Accra, 5 & 6 May 2016
2. Sub regional Fisheries Committee / PRAO: Technical reports , 2014
3. Ministry of agiculture / Bureau of National Fisheries : Artisanal Fisheries survey, 2013

Comments The artisanal sub-sector comprises 3,000 dugout canoes ; up to 7m lenght propulsed with paddles or sail; three crew members; operated by Liberians. Semi-industrial sub-sector : 500 larger canoes ; up to 15 m; using up to 40hp, with crew members up to 15 people . Fishermen belonging to Fanti Ethnic group / ancestors of Ghanan are settled permanently; Migrants from Ghana and Senegal are also fishing in Liberia's waters. Liberian represennts about 80% of the total number of fishermen. Ghanan and Senegalease migrants used larger canoes (12 - 20m) and use 40hp outboard motors. More than 50% of landings are from , artisanal Fisheries (including inland fisheries). Artisanal fish landings (marine and inland)) is estimated around 6000 tons (average annual catch ). The fisheries sector contributes about 12 % of Liberia’s agricultural GDP) 3% of the overall GDP
Species
Organizations
External links
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