ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Benin - Maritime small scale fisheries

SSF Profile

Benin - Maritime small scale fisheries | 2000
Background
Fishery name Benin - Maritime small scale fisheries
SSF Defined? Not explicitly
SSF Definition (if applicable) There is any definition specific to SSF but many as following (in french): a- Eaux maritimes: les eaux intérieures, la mer territoriale et la zone économique exclusive telles que définies par la législation en vigueur. b- Pêche: toute activité visant la capture, la cueillette ou la récolte de toute espèce d'organismes aquatiques dans les eaux maritimes ou continentales sous juridiction béninoise. c- pêche maritime: toute pêche pratiquée dans les eaux maritimes telles que définies au paragraphe (d) du présent article (c'est à dire au point a ci dessus).
Data time frame 2000
Contributor aliousall57 (ALIOU SALL)
Contribution date 10/09/2018
Geographic Scope
National Benin ,
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Coastal
Mangrove
Open ocean
River
Salt marsh
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Main gear type(s): Falling gear (cast nets)
Gillnets and entangling nets
Hooks and lines
Seine nets
Surrounding nets
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe - 728 Vessels
Average length of SSF vessel: 10 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 30 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 8 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 200 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 4305 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 85 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 100 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 80 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Percent of women in post-harvest: 25 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 4 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.)
Small trade
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 7 Percent
Sold in local markets - 90 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 3 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Somewhat
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Self governance
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Seasonal closure
Area closure
Gear restriction
Fishing effort restriction
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Ministère du développement rural de la République du Bénin: PROJET PNUD/FAO SPPD-BEN/99/004 / Niakadja (2000);
Union monétaire ouest africain : Enquête cadre de la pêche artisanale au Bénin (2014)
Gouvernement de la République du Bénin: LOI-CADRE N° 2014-19 DU 07 AOUT 2014 RELATIVE A LA PECHE
ET A L'AQUACULTURE EN REPUBLIQUE DU BENIN (2014)

Comments The morphology of the continental shelf (as for Togo) constitutes a serious problem (not so rich in resources. But Benin is one of the rare west african (but with an exception in the region called Region littoral) where fishermen wish their children became fishers (30%). the fact of combining fish and small trade is more developed in regions closed to Nigeria. As is all these Gulf of guinea States, Ghanaans who migrated (came) in the earlier 19th century (and who gradually settled definitively getting Benin citizenship) have introduced this specific type of contract between boat owners and crew members, meaning: you can often find crew members who own their gear and board on canoes and the end of the fishing operations, they give a part to the boat owner (who owns also the outboard engine). this system is dessiminated by Ghanaan anywhere they established along the west afriacan coast. At te beginning Ghanaan represented almost 2/3 of the total number of fishers. But given the fact that many of them have become Beninease citizenship the new figures in termes of nationalities present in the SSF are as following: 81 % from Benin, 12% from Ghana and the remaining from Nigeria and Togo
Species
Organizations
External links
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