ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Guinea Bissau - Maritime Small Scale Fisheries

SSF Profile

Guinea Bissau - Maritime Small Scale Fisheries | 2015
Background
Fishery name Guinea Bissau - Maritime Small Scale Fisheries
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) French original text:La pêche artisanale est définie comme étant la pêche pratiquée dans les fleuves, les estuaires ou la mer territoriale avec des embarcations propulsées à la rame, à la voile, ou avec un moteur hors-bord dont la puissance est inférieure ou égale à 60 cv et dont la longueur ne dépasse pas 18 m Translation: Artisanal fishing is defined as "fishing" in rivers, estuaries or the territorial sea with rowing boats, sailing boats, or outboard motors with a power of 60 hp or less and whose length does not exceed 18 m.
Data time frame 2015
Contributor aliousall57 (ALIOU SALL)
Contribution date 09/30/2018
Geographic Scope
National Guinea-Bissau ,
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Archipelago
Beach
Coastal
Estuary
Mangrove
River
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Main gear type(s): Gillnets and entangling nets
Hooks and lines
Other: Long line
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe - 1357 Vessels
Piroque - 102 Vessels
Average length of SSF vessel: 7 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 20 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 6 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 275 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 4200 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 100 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: 2750 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 100 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 95 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 2 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.)
Animal/livestock husbandry
Small trade
Tourism-related activities
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 5 Percent
Sold in local markets - 89 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 5 Percent
Going to non-food uses - 1 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? No
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Area closure
Gear restriction
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Territorial user rights
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Ocean grabbing, privatization schemes
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Fisheries state secretariat / PRAO/ technical report , 2015,2016
Sub-regional fisheries Committee, Report, 2017
PRCM (platform of four NGOs: WWF, IUCN, FIBA, Wetlands), 2015
Union économique et monétaire ouest africaine: Enquête cadre de la pêche artisanale en Guinée Bissau (2014)

Comments IMPORTANCE OF SSF TO THE COMMUNITY: Guinea Bissau has a population with an agricultural tradition, despite the existence of abundant resources because of the specificity of its ecosystem. But given the significant demand for products at the sub-regional and international level, as well as in Guinea Bissau, important projects have contributed to the development of the sector. This has helped create jobs (6,000) and contribute to food security in the country, at the level of the ECOWAS area, in particular concerning products processed artisanally. Exports are sources of foreign currency for the state. CHALLENGES: (i) due to political instability, illegal fishing is a big concern despite the important surveillance efforts in the frame of various fisheries cooperation (ii) mangrove that play an important role in ecological balance is exploited for firewood trade both in Guinea Bissau and at sub-regional scale (iii) Asian/ Koreans and Chinese operators owning cold storage units in Bissau harbour invest in SSF fisheries and collect important quantities of fish without enough traceability (iv)despite the huge demand in processed fish from other neighbours countries where resources are less abundant, the processing sector in Guinea Bissau is less developed.
Species
Organizations
National Fisworkers' association Type: Fisheries local action group Scope: National
RAMPAO (Regional MPAs network) Type: Other Scope: National
IUCN Type: Other Scope: National
PRAO / sub regional fisheries committee (WB project) Type: Other Scope: National
State Secretariat for Fisheries (Fisheries central administration) with various departments: surveillance, research, fishing licences section Type: State/government department Scope: National
External links
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