ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Ivory Coast - Maritime Small-Scale fisheries

SSF Profile

Ivory Coast - Maritime Small-Scale fisheries | 2011
Fishery name Ivory Coast - Maritime Small-Scale fisheries
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) Original / Français: Pêche artisanale:Une pêche pratiquée en mer et en eaux continentales avec des pirogues et engins de capture peu sophistiqués et inclut l'ensemble des activités connexes en amont et aval. b) English translation by author: Artisanal Fisheries: A fishery practiced at sea and in continental waters with canoes and unsophisticated catching gear and includes all related activities upstream and downstream
Data time frame 2011
Contributor aliousall57 (ALIOU SALL)
Contribution date 09/29/2018
Geographic Scope
National Cote d'Ivoire ,
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Beach
Open ocean
Salt marsh
Other: Swamp forests, marshy meadows
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Artisanal
Main gear type(s): Falling gear (cast nets)
Gillnets and entangling nets
Hooks and lines
Surrounding nets
Other: Locker, creel, pot, long line
Main SSF vessel type(s): (Dugout) canoe - 1410 Vessels
Average length of SSF vessel: 10 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): 40 Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 9 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 210 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 11000 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 84 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: 1375 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 100 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 80 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Percent of women in post-harvest: 26 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 1 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.) - 10 Percent of women involved (%):
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 13 Percent
Sold in local markets - 85 Percent
Other: Post-harvest losses - 2 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 31 to 50 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Moderately (fishers are somewhat recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Somewhat
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers: None
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: License/permit
Seasonal closure
Area closure
Gear restriction
Fishing effort restriction
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Markets (access, price, monopoly, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Ocean grabbing, privatization schemes
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)

(1) : FAO - CPCO: Rapport de l'atelier de lancement du projet CPCO -FAO TCP :" Renforcement de la collecte systématique des données sur les pêches en Afrique de l'Ouest . Accra, 5-6 mai 2016.

(2): Etude socio economique de la pêche artisanale maritime en Côte d'Ivoire: Cas de la pêche artisanale thonière dans la district d'Abidjan , par Konan sylvian, Anné de publication en 2015.

(3) : Republique de Côte d'Ivoire Ministère des ressources animales et halieutiques, Direction de l'aquaculture et des pêches. Enquête cadre de la pêche maritime artisanale en Côte d'Ivoire en 2014 (Publié en 2014)

Comments ADDITIONAL DETAILS: Information timeframe: 2011-2016 except 2013 and 2015. VESSELS. Dugout canoes are called commonly "Pirogue." Type: Planked dugout canoes; # vessels (#V): 272; ave length (L): 10m; Typical engine size (HP): 40-50HP; # crew members: 5 up to 8/10. Type: Improved dugout canoes; #V: 1088; L: 12-13m; HP: 40; # crew: 5-6. Type: Dugout canoes; #V: 50; L: 6-8m; #crew: 1-2. NUMBER OF FISHING DAYS/YEAR: An average of 6 months/ year is applied to all fishing "metier"; métier being a combination of (i)type of boat (ii) specific gear and (iii) mainly targeted species. TOTAL # OF SSF FISHERS: 11.000 among whom Ghanaian, dominant ( 81% of fishers population) National from Ivory Coast (15%) Liberian (3%) and the remaining concern fishermen from Benin, Togo, Guinea and Nigeria. NUMBER OF FISHER WOMEN: Around 7878 among whom: 1600 fishmongers (men and women); 1578 fresh fish retailers (men and women); 4695 fish processor (processing sector being mainly ensured by fishermen's wives or the family); and 4 operators collecting products for fish plants. NUMBER OF ALL AND SSF HOUSEHOLDS: Number of households in the fisheries not available. However, the WAEMU framework survey mentions (i) the number of persons in SSF per household a little bit less than 8 persons is superior to the national average percentage (ii) there are around 50727 persons in fishers' households. % OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME FROM SSF (HARVEST AND POST-HARVEST): 80% to 85%. Globally speaking/national level, they lean mainly on fisheries and related activities for revenue (excepted in the 2 regions of "Grands" Ponts and "Sud Comoé". In these two administrative regions, because fishermen are autochthone, they own land and can practice agriculture (reminder: in Ivory Coast, migrants - among whom some have become sedentary - are more numerous than national fishermen. % OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN POST-HARVEST: not explicitly and not documented, respectively. % OF GDP FROM SSF: 0.3 (real problem: most recent data in 2005). % WOMEN IN NON-FISHING ACTIVITIES: 10 - 15 % (concern only the region of Grands Ponts and Comoé). SSF MARKET AND DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL: % catch retained for household/family/friends: 7% (household consumption) + 6% donation. % of catch sold in local markets: 85% (50% fresh and 35% in processed form). % of catch sold outside markets: 0%. Ivory Coast imports a quantity of fish superior to its SSF production. SSF in Ivory coast is very important given the number of workers depending on harvesting activities and fishing related activities. A total of 18.878 persons (11.000 fishermen + 7878 workers in post-harvest activities) depend on SSF for livelihood. In addition, SSF contributes to food security with 85% of catches distributed locally through various markets. CHALLENGES: (i) coastal erosion (ii) high degree of pollution affecting the marine ecosystem (iii) a specific challenge concerning in particular women in the SSF among whom an important part depend on frozen / deeply frozen fish from big fish companies for raw material. Consequently, fish from big fish companies used to be more expensive given the additionnal cost, compared to fish landed by SSF canoes. OPPORTUNITIES: Ivory Coast is a country where consuming fish from freshwater (lagoon Ebrie for example and rivers ) is rooted enough in the culinary tradition. Fish caught from Lagoons is so important regarding quantity so that even in the national fish production statistics, both landings from marine and lagoon fisheries are combined and considered as SSF national per year production. For this reason, because Ivory Coast is highly dependant on importations concerning marine products, developing inland fisheries should be a way to sustain SSF. In addition to that, small-scale fish farming (quite different from industrial aquaculture ) is a practice well know and rooted in rural communities. Promoting this specific "chain" will be a way to contribute to SSF sustainability, given the possibility offered to reduce fishing effort/capacity on marine resources. Finally, Ivory Coast is part of the eco-region Gulf of Benin, a region where consuming processed fish very popular and anchored among the different ethnic groups living in this area. Women who are the main actors of the processing sector (processing and marketing processed products) use long circuits to market products (inside and outside the country: Ghana, Togo and even Benin). They register many costs due to (i) losses during the trip (degradation of fish quality) and (ii) administrative constraints while crossing borders even though the Ecowas law is theoretically ensuring the free movement of people and goods. So enhancing women and promotion processed fish market at the level of Golf of Benin should better value fish: more income with less fish with better quality. OTHER COMMENTS: 1. Ivory Coast is too much dependant on imported products from (with the quantity in Tons reported by the national institute of statistics for 2012): Popular Republic of China (12,56) , South Corea (1,91) , Spain (17,75) France (25,31),Guinée Bissau(1,02) Ireland ( 4,20) Marocco (10,40), Mauritania (74,70), Norway (2,65) Netherlands (11,91), Républic of Guinea (15,25), Royaume Uni (1,53), Sénégal (24,21) other countries (61,86). Total : 265,026 Concerning the quantities/species imported, the report from the national institute of statistics: Hareng (1050) Tuna/listao (155) Mackerel (32417) Hake (76) Sardines (96.991) Sole (53) Other species (134.520). NB: Important to know that the artisanal processing is highly dependant on fish caught in West Africa - in particular for Golf of Benin countries - rebaptized fish from outside this region and marketed through companies whose identity is complicated to know. 2. Until 2014, fishermen from Ivory Coast represent around 5% of the total number. It's from 2014, with the political crisis that many young people entered in the sector as crew members or post-harvest activities. So from 2014, the number increased from 5% to 15% now.
European Union / DG Mare Type: State/government department Scope: National
African Union / Department of natural resources Type: Union/association Scope: Regional
UEMOA (English: African Economic and Monetary Union) Type: Other Scope: National
Fisheries Committee West Central Gulf of Guinea Type: Other Scope: National
Ministère des ressources animales et halieutiques Type: State/government department Scope: National
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