ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Fisheries in the Coral Triangle

SSF Profile

Fisheries in the Coral Triangle | 2014
Background
Fishery name Fisheries in the Coral Triangle
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) Malaysia.- (i) “Small-scale fisheries are undertaken using small-scale boat, gear, and equipment. (ii) Artisanal fisheries are undertaken mostly for home consumption using selected traditional gear. (iii) Subsistence fisheries are undertaken mainly for home consumption using selected traditional gear.” Indonesia.- 1-day fishing, using traditional fishing gears and/or a motorized boat with a maximum of 5 gross tons (gt), fishing within 12 nautical miles of the coastline, and with the catch mostly for the domestic market. The three major fishing gears used in artisanal fisheries are hooks and lines (39.1%), gill nets (27.8%), and traps (10.9%).
Data time frame 2014
Contributor Alicia (ALICIA SALDAÑA MILLÁN)
Contribution date 09/02/2017
Geographic Scope
Regional Asia Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste,
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Coastal
Coral reef
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Coastal
Small-scale
Main gear type(s):
Main SSF vessel type(s):
Average length of SSF vessel: Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 1 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 15000000 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 100 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 100 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Marketing/trading
Percent of women in post-harvest: 50 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 2 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in:
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 15 Percent
Sold in local markets - 50 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 35 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Highly (fishers are well recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? No
Governance mode(s) in SSF:
Property rights held by SS fishers: Collective/communal
Access held by SS fishers: Secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Seasonal closure
Marine protected areas
Territorial user rights
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability:
Sources

Asian Development Bank (2014). ECONOMICS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN THE CORAL TRIANGLE. 199p.

Comments
Species
Common species name: reef-associated fish and invertebrate families     Landings (t): 2800000
Common species name: bigeye tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Thunnus obesus    Landings (t): None
Common species name: Yellowfin tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Thunnus albacares    Landings (t): None
Common species name: Skipjack tuna     Scientific/Latin species name: Katsuwonus pelamis    Landings (t): None
Organizations
Coral Triangle Iniciative (CTI) Type: Union/association Scope: Regional
External links
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