ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Pacific island fisheries

SSF Profile

Pacific island fisheries | 2014
Background
Fishery name Pacific island fisheries
SSF Defined? Not explicitly
SSF Definition (if applicable)
Data time frame 2014
Contributor Alicia (ALICIA SALDAÑA MILLÁN)
Contribution date 08/23/2017
Geographic Scope
Regional Asia New Caledonia, Northern Mariana Islands,
Oceania Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu,
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Indigenous
Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Coastal
Coral reef
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Coastal
Small-scale
Main gear type(s): Gillnets and entangling nets
Gleaning (collected by hand)
Hooks and lines
Traps
Other: trolling
Other: spearfishing
Main SSF vessel type(s):
Average length of SSF vessel: Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: Percent
Total number of households in the location: Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 7 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Tourism-related activities
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 50 Percent
Sold in local markets
Sold to outside markets - 50 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: More than 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Highly (fishers are well recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? No
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Community-based management
Top-down/hierarchical governance
Property rights held by SS fishers:
Access held by SS fishers: Secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Area closure
Gear restriction
Marine protected areas
Other: prohibitions on the use of destructive fishing methods (blast fishing, poisons)
Other: prohibitions on the taking of berried females
Other: size limits (both minimum and maximum)
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Food security (availability, accessibility, safety, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Stakeholder conflicts (between different resource users and interest groups, including conservation and tourism)
Sources

Gillett R. 2014. Pacific Perspectives on Fisheries and Sustainable Development. Pages 1–62. United
Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Fiji.

Comments
Species
Common species name: emperors     Scientific/Latin species name: Lethrinidae    Landings (t): None
Common species name: surgeonfish     Scientific/Latin species name: Acanthuridae    Landings (t): None
Common species name: snappers     Scientific/Latin species name: Lutjanidae    Landings (t): None
Common species name: giant clams, bêche-de-mer, crabs, lobsters, strombus, turbo,     Landings (t): None
Common species name: arc shell, other bivalves/gastropods, trochus, urchin, octopus, shoreline gastropods, beach bivalves     Landings (t): None
Organizations
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Type: Union/association Scope: Regional
External links
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