ISSF: Small-scale Fishery Profile - Small-scale fisheries of Southwest Madagascar

SSF Profile

Small-scale fisheries of Southwest Madagascar | 2018
Background
Fishery name Small-scale fisheries of Southwest Madagascar
SSF Defined? Yes
SSF Definition (if applicable) Outrigger canoe (traditional sailing boat no power and no engine for consumption and commercial)
Data time frame 2018
Contributor Josmee ( )
Contribution date 01/17/2019
Geographic Scope
Local Southwest Madagascar Unspecified Madagascar
Map
Main Characteristics
Name Value Units
SSF type(s): Commercial
Subsistence
Ecosystem type(s): Marine
Ecosystem detailed type(s): Coral reef
Lagoon
Term(s) used to refer to SSF: Small-scale
Traditional
Main gear type(s): Gillnets and entangling nets
Gleaning (collected by hand)
Grappling and wounding (harpoons)
Hooks and lines
Seine nets
Main SSF vessel type(s): Outrigger craft - 6000 Vessels
Average length of SSF vessel: 3 Metres
Typical engine size (HP): Horsepower
Typical number of crew: 3 Crew members
Number of day fishing per year: 240 Days per year fishing
Total number of SS fishers: 8000 Fishers
Percent of SS fishers full-time: 90 Percent
Percent of SS fishers women: 20 Percent
Total number of households in the location: 150000 Households
Percent of households participating in SSF: 40 Percent
Percent of household income from SSF (harvest and post-harvest: 70 Percent
Post-harvest activity(ies) in the location: Processing (cooking, drying, salting, smoking, etc.)
Marketing/trading
Transportation
Percent of women in post-harvest: 90 Percent
Percent of children in post-harvest: 10 Percent
Percent of total income or GDP in the location coming from SSF: 60 Percent
Other non-fishing livelihood activities SS fishing people participate in: Farming/cultivation (rice, cassava, corn, vegetables, etc.) - 10 Percent of women involved (%):
Animal/livestock husbandry - 30 Percent of women involved (%):
Tourism-related activities - 10 Percent of women involved (%):
SSF market and distribution channel(s): Retained for household consumption and given to family/friends - 20 Percent
Sold in local markets - 60 Percent
Sold to outside markets - 15 Percent
Going to non-food uses - 5 Percent
Number of years SSF have existed in the location: 51 to 100 years
How are SS fishers regarded by other members of society? Poorly (fishers are not at all recognized for their contributions to the society)
Is fishing considered (by SS fishers) an occupation of last resort? Yes
Governance mode(s) in SSF: Co-management/co-governance
Community-based management
Property rights held by SS fishers: Collective/communal
Access held by SS fishers: Not secured
Key rules, regulations, instruments and measures used to manage SSF: Seasonal closure
Community-based rights systems
Marine protected areas
Major concerns/issues affecting SSF (which make them vulnerable or threaten their viability: Ecosystem health (resource/environmental degradation, bycatch, destructive fishing practices, etc.)
Social justice (access, rights, fairness, equity, displacement, power, etc.)
Livelihoods (viability, wellbeing, health, etc.)
Climate/environmental changes
Land-based pollution, coastal erosion
Poor governance (lack of accountability, transparency, rules of law, etc.)
Sources

Comments
Species
Common species name: Labre     Scientific/Latin species name: Labridae    Landings (t): 12
Common species name: Vivaneaux     Scientific/Latin species name: Lutjanus    Landings (t): 12
Common species name: Carangue     Scientific/Latin species name: Caranx    Landings (t): 12
Common species name: Margueritte     Scientific/Latin species name: Siganidae    Landings (t): 12
Common species name: Capitaine     Scientific/Latin species name: Lethrinus harak    Landings (t): 12
Organizations
Velondriake Type: Other Scope: Local
Soariake Type: Other Scope: Local
Sambele Type: Other Scope: Local
FIMIHARA Type: Other Scope: Local
Tahosoa Type: Other Scope: Local
Fimimano Type: Other Scope: Local
Vezo mintsinjo ny hoavy Type: Other Scope: Local
Manajary riake Type: Other Scope: Local
Blue Ventures Type: Other Scope: Local
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Type: Other Scope: Global
Reef Doctor Type: Other Scope: Global
Murex International Sarl Type: Co-op/society Scope: Local
GIZ Type: Support organization Scope: Global
Compagnie de Peche Frigorifique de Tulear (COPEFRITO) Type: Co-op/society Scope: Local
WWF
Madagascar National Parks (MNP) Type: Other Scope: National
External links
90% Completed
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